Wheezing And Its Management In Little Ones


Wheezing is one of the common childhood illnesses.  In fact, about 25 to 30 percent of children would have encountered wheezing problem at least once when they are six years of age. It may not be really very serious but the whistling sound that you hear when your child breathes can be devastating. It can cause great distress to your baby. Do you want to know more about wheezing and its management in kids? Go ahead.

What is wheezing?

It is whistling sound produced when air tries to move through the breathing tubes or airways when they become narrow and compressed.

What are the causes of wheezing?

  • It can be caused due to viral infection. A baby’s airways are too small. When they get a lower respiratory infection the airways get blocked with mucus. This causes wheezing. Viral infections include lower respiratory infections like bronchiolitis and pneumonia and upper respiratory infections like common cold.
  • It can be caused if the child is exposed to cigarette smoke or other smoke.
  • It can be caused when babies are exposed to very cold air.
  • It may be triggered by allergens like pollens and pets etc.
  • GERD or gastro esophageal reflux disease is one of the causes of wheezing. GERD is a condition in which stomach acid leaks back into food pipe which may get breathed into lungs. This causes irritation and swelling of the airways. If your child starts to wheeze immediately after feeding it can be due to GERD.
  • Choking can also cause wheezing.
  • Asthma is one of the very important causes of wheezing.

What are the home remedies for wheezing?

Viral infections cannot be cured with antibiotics. Virus will go on its own. Avoid giving over the counter antibiotics. Over the counter cough syrups are not advised for infants and toddlers. Avoid them. Mild wheezing can be relieved at home. How can you help your child at home?

  1. Suction – You should keep the airways clear. This is very important if you want to help your child breathe freely. How to get rid of congestion in nose and lungs? An older child will blow their noses to clear the nasal passage but how to clear the airways for an infant or toddler? The best solution is suction. A nasal aspirator is very helpful in getting rid of congestion. Bulb aspirators like Nasobuddy are of great help to make your baby breathe easier.
  2. Other remedies
  • Use saline drops to clear the nasal passages.
  • Use humidifiers to keep the air moist.
  • Keep your child hydrated with warm fluids.
  • Avoid smoking at home.
  • Avoid carpets that trap dust.
  • Keep pets away.
  • Vacuum all surfaces of your home to remove dust.
  • Use cold balms to get rid of the congestion in lungs. Make sure you go for natural rubs that don’t contain any harmful chemicals and petroleum byproducts.

You should call a doctor when

  • Wheezing persists for more than three days
  • Your baby develops cyanosis where the lips and skin turn bluish in color.
  • When wheeze becomes very severe

Safe home remedies for cough in children


Cold accompanied with cough is very common in children. It is true that coughing is the defense mechanism of the body to get rid of the mucus from the body. However, as a parent you can’t help worrying when your child suffers from continuous coughing. Every parent is sure to feel anxious to control and curb coughing in their kids. If you do want to do something to help your child, here is a tip. You should go for home remedies first before going for any medical action. Home remedies are as effective as and sometimes more effective than syrups and medicines.

Your kitchen is the safest medical shop. There are many remedies that you can make from your kitchen to control your child’s cough. What are the safe and effective home remedies for cough in children?

  1. Honey – This is the most commonly used home remedy for cough. Is it really effective? Yes, honey is a natural antimicrobial agent. It has the property of enhancing secretion of saliva which is helpful in thinning of mucus.
  2. Lemon – Lemon boosts immunity. It is a rich source of vitamin C that helps in improving the immunity of your child. Honey with lemon juice is a proven home remedy to decrease the severity of cough.
  3. Ginger – Ginger has anti viral properties that help in improving the symptoms of cold including coughing. Ginger has a strong flavor and taste. It is not recommended for infants. Ginger juice mixed with honey and lemon makes a wonderful cough syrup for older children.
  4. Turmeric – Turmeric is a natural ingredient with antiseptic properties. Turmeric added to a warm glass of milk gives relief from cough. You can also add homey to make it tastier and more effective.
  5. Natural concoction – Take two teaspoons of jiggery, one teaspoon of black pepper powder, a little cumin seeds, one teaspoon of coriander seeds, thulsi leaves and an inch of dry ginger. Add these ingredients to a cup of water. Boil the water. Filter and let it cool. Give two teaspoons of the concoction to your baby. It gives relief from cough and soothes sore throat.
  6. Massage – Add a few camphor balls to coconut oil. Heat the oil over flame until camphor dissolves. Rub the oil over the chest of your baby. Cover with a warm towel to make sure the heat from massaging is retained.
  7. Natural rubs and balms – Vaporubs and balms give warmth to your child’s body. The herbs and essential oils included in the balms help in clearing the mucus. Once the mucus is cleared coughing will automatically be cured. Make sure you use herbal balms like Nasobuddy.
  8. Saline drops – If you want to give relief from cough to your child you have to clear blocked noses too. Saline drops are a safe natural remedy to get rid of mucus in the nose.
  9. Nasal aspirator – A nasal aspirator is a must if you have a little child. It helps in clearing the mucus from your baby’s nostrils easily without causing any harm to the delicate skin. A good nasal aspirator like Nasobuddy is a wonderful choice.

Try these home remedies. If coughing persists in your child you should visit a certified medical practitioner.

Honey As A Cough Syrup


Are you looking for an alternative to cough syrups laden with side effects? Honey could be the right option to put an end to your search. Are you reluctant to give honey without proper evidence? Here is some good news for you. Several studies have been conducted to find the efficacy of honey as a cough syrup. Know about the results of the studies before proceeding to use honey as a cough syrup.

Study #1

A group of 270 children were subjects of this study. Some children were given 2 teaspoons of honey half an hour before going to bed. Some were given date syrup and some were given placebo or fake treatment. It was found that coughing in children who were given honey was less frequent and less severe when compared to other children.

Study #2

In this study one group of children were given honey, one group was given salbutamol and the other group of children were given no treatment. At the end of the study it was found that honey was more effective than salbutamol. The impact of honey for night cough was impressive.

The WHO recommends honey as a cough syrup for children but you should note that honey is not recommended for infants below 6 months.

Homemade cough syrup recipes with honey

  1. Honey and lemon cough syrup

Take a quarter cup of honey. Squeeze the juice of one large lemon to honey. Add 2 to 3 tablespoons of warm water to get syrupy consistency. Store the syrup in a sterilized glass container. Give a teaspoon of the syrup 3 to 4 times. It is better to start giving the syrup in the early stages of cold.

  1. Honey with milk and turmeric powder

Add a tablespoon of milk and a pinch of turmeric powder to a glass of warm milk and give your kid in the morning and in the night.

  1. Honey, ginger and lemon cough syrup

Grate 25 grams of ginger. Cut a large lemon into small pieces. Take a glass of water in a pan. Add the ginger and lemon. Boil the mixture and simmer for about 5 minutes. When the mixture is cool add half a cup of honey. Store the mixture in a glass container. Give the syrup 3 to 4 times a day to your child.



Are Cough Syrups Safe To Use In Children?



When parents see their children coughing they are sure to feel anxious. They are tempted to give cough syrups to give instant relief to their little ones. Most parents believe that cough syrups and cold medications are the keys to relieve their kids from cold symptoms and coughing. Is this belief right? Are cough syrups really effective? Are they safe to be used in children? You should know the answer to these questions before you give your child cough syrup next time.

Are cough syrups safe?

  • Cough medications are not recommended for children below 4 years. They provide just a little effect but may cause many side effects. Overdose of cough syrups in kids below 2 years can be fatal at times.
  • Cough syrups that contain codeine as an ingredient should not be used for children below 12 years of age because slowed breathing or difficulty in breathing is one of the important side effects of codeine.
  • Antihistamines like Benadryl cause sleepiness, drowsiness and agitation. Sometimes it may cause hallucination. They are not safe to use in children. Many types of cough syrups are available over the counter.
  • Side effects of cough syrups include convulsions, nausea, uneven heart rate, drowsiness, dry mouth, blurred vision and allergic reactions etc.

Cough syrups are of different categories including cough expectorants, cough suppressants and cough decongestants and antihistamines. Do they all help in treating coughs? The answer is a big NO. The over the counter cough medications are effective in giving temporary relief from coughing but are not effective in treat the underlying cause. Cough medications neither treat the cause for cough nor reduce the time of infection. Coughing is a symptom of cold and is caused naturally to clear the airways and get rid of phlegm. It will go on its own and does not need any medications. As cough syrups cause more side effects and are of little use in treating the underlying disease, they are not recommended.

What can you do instead of giving unsafe cough syrups?

  • Give natural cough suppressants like honey.
  • Use nasal aspirators to clear the nasal passages. Cough is a symptom of cold. When the nasal passage is cleared of mucus cold symptoms including cough improves.
  • Give warm liquids to sooth the sore throat and to keep your baby hydrated.

Home remedies may not give instant results but they are free from side effects.

Types of humidifiers and which one should you choose?


It is winter. The air outside is cold and dry. It may cause health issues like dry skin, sinus and respiratory problems etc. Well, you can do nothing to regulate the temperature and dryness of air outside. The good news is that you can reduce the dryness of air inside your home with the help of humidifiers. Are you interested in buying a humidifier before harsh winter sets in? You should make sure that you buy the right humidifier. To make the right choice you should know the different types of humidifiers.

What are the types of humidifiers?

There are two main types of humidifiers. They are warm mist humidifier and cool mist humidifier.

Warm mist humidifier

This works by heating water and emitting steam into the air. They produce warm and soothing mist.

Vaporizer is one of the types of warm mist humidifiers. Most of the warm mist humidifiers are vaporizers. It is an electrical device that uses electricity to heat hot water inside. The vapor from the boiling water cools while leaving the machine to increase the humidity of the room.

Ultrasonic warm mist humidifiers are very silent because they use ultrasonic technology to disperse warm mist.

What are the pros of warm mist humidifiers?

  • They are good for giving relief from colds and flu.
  • The mist produced from warm mist humidifiers tend to be cleaner than the cool mist humidifiers because the boiling process kills waterborne mold and bacteria.
  • They collect the minerals that are left over from heating the water.
  • They are quieter than cool mist humidifiers.
  • They are cozy during winter months.
  • Warm humidifiers with medicine cups are very useful to add essential oils or other liquid inhalants with medicinal properties.
  • It increases the temperature of the room slightly making your winters cozy.

What are the cons?

  • They are not recommended if you have little children because it can cause serious risks of burns.
  • Electric devices may shoot up your electricity bills.
  • It is difficult to clean the mineral deposits left over.
  • They may harm indoor plants in your home.

Cool mist humidifiers

Cool mist humidifier also increases the humidity of the room but without heating water. There are three main types of cool mist humidifiers.

Ultrasonic humidifier produces cool air with the help of ultrasonic vibration. They have vibrating discs that create ultrasonic waves to increase the internal pressure of the water until the pressure is more than the vapor pressure of the air in the room. Then it is forced out into the air.

Evaporative cool mist humidifiers blow moisture into the air with the help of fan that blow air from a wet belt or wick. They are a little noisier because of the sound of rotating fans.

Impeller cool mist humidifier produces cool air with rotating disk. They are very quiet and do not need filter.

What are the pros of cool mist humidifiers?

  • Safety is the biggest advantage of cool mist humidifiers.
  • It will not make the room hot. This is a big plus for tropical countries.
  • It covers a wide area.
  • They are money saving because they are energy efficient.
  • They will not cause any damage to indoor plants and wooden furniture.
  • You can add healing vapors to help in giving relief from respiratory issues.
  • It is portable and can be shifted easily from one room to another when compared to warm mist humidifiers.

What are the cons of cool mist humidifiers?

  • You have to use only distilled water for cool mist humidifiers. If you use tap water it will leave minerals as residues.
  • The water is not boiled and sterilized in this type of humidifier. This increases the risk of spreading of microbes in the air.
  • You have to clean them frequently to avoid the risk of spreading of bacteria and viruses.

Warm Vs Cool – Which is better?

If you are planning to use it in the kids’ bedroom, cool mist humidifier is a better choice because of safety concerns.  It is the right choice in hot places because it does not increase the room temperature. Cool mist is easy to breathe when compared to hot mist.

Hot mist humidifiers need less maintenance. If you are too busy to clean humidifiers frequently, you can go for hot mist humidifiers. Moreover, it is the right choice in very cold places.

Decide which one will suit your home after weighing the pros and cons and considering your needs. If cold and dry air is not a problem in your area and if you just want to give relief to your baby from cold and flu symptoms, you should consider the usage of nasal aspirators and chest rub from Nasobuddy that contain natural and harmless ingredients.

What’s An Upper Respiratory Tract Infection?

Upper respiratory tract infection is one of the most common viral infections in children. Upper respiratory infection is always referred to as common cold. However, influenza is also one of the common upper respiratory tract infections.


Colds in kids

Kids get about eight colds per year. It is the top reason to miss school and to visit doctor. Most of the colds are caused by rhinoviruses. Rhinoviruses are found in invisible droplets in the atmosphere and in the things we touch. The viruses get into the protective lining of throat and nose. This sets off an immunity reaction in the child’s body causing symptoms like headache, sore throat and trouble in breathing.

What are the common symptoms of cold?

  • Stuffy or running nose
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Mild fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tiredness
  • Headache

How do colds spread?

Direct contact: A child with cold has virus in his or her nose, hands, mouth and eyes. Colds spread through direct contact like holding hands, kissing or touching an infected child.

Indirect contact: Toys, clothes, towels and utensils used by the infected child carry the virus. Even things like door knobs touched by the infected children carry the virus. The virus from these things spread to a healthy child when they touch these objects.

Through air: Virus spreads through air when the infected child sneezes or coughs. The virus enters the air and may enter another child’s nose or mouth.

How are colds treated?

Most of the colds will go away on their own without any treatment. Antibiotics do not work for colds as they are caused by virus and not bacteria. Medicines will not treat cold but will give relief from symptoms of cold. Home remedies like saline drops and nasal aspirators help in clearing stuffy nose. Warm fluids keep your child hydrated. If you are going for over the counter acetaminophen or paracetamol make sure you don’t give an overdose.

When to visit the doctor ?

  1. Is your baby under 3 months of age? If so, you should visit your doctor if your baby has trouble in breathing and if your child is not eating and if your child has symptoms like vomiting and high fever.
  2. If your child is older, you should take your child to the doctor if
  • Your child’s lips are blue
  • Your child’s breathing is rapid
  • If your child is very sleepy than usual
  • If the mucus from the nose is yellow or green in color
  • If your child is fussy and does not play
  • If the child’s cough is very severe


Although both flu and colds are upper respiratory tract infections, they are caused by different viruses. Most of the symptoms of cold and influenza are the same except for a few differences.

The symptoms of flu are generally worse than cold.

  • The onset of flu is abrupt.
  • Colds are rarely accompanied with fever. Flu is always accompanied with fever.
  • Body aches are severe in flu.
  • Stuffy nose, sneezing and sore throat are common for colds. These symptoms may or may not be seen in flu.
  • Chills are common in flu.

How does flu spread?

Like colds, it also spreads through direct or indirect contact and through air.


Children with flu can be treated at home if the symptoms are not very severe. Children should take rest. They should not be sent to school until the symptoms go off completely. Lot of fluids should be given to prevent dehydration.
You should call your doctor if your child is below one year old, if your child has week immunity, if your child has asthma or diabetes, if your child has symptoms like vomiting, trouble in breathing, dehydration, blood in sputum and bad cough and if your child has seizures.

Ear And Sinus Infection In Babies And Its Treatment – An Overall View


Sinus infection in babies

Earlier it was believed that children are not affected by sinusitis. However, it has been proven that it is a myth and not true. Children do get sinus infections. The symptoms of cold and sinus infection are overlapping. Many of the symptoms are common. It is important to distinguish between them if you want to proceed to go for the right treatment. Differentiating between cold and a sinus infection is not easy. To differentiate between them you should know the difference between the symptoms of cold and sinus infection.

Differences between the symptoms of sinus infection

  • Cold lasts for 5 to 10 days. If the baby has sinus infection, the symptoms for cold will last for more than 10 days without any signs of improvement.
  • The nasal discharge in cold is watery in the beginning and turns thicker. In sinus infection the discharge is yellowish.
  • Low grade fever accompanies cold and last for a day or two. In sinus infection the fever is persistent and lasts for 4 days or more.
  • Cold symptoms include cough, especially in the night. Sinus infection symptoms include swelling or dark circles around the eyes, especially in the morning. Sinus infection is accompanied by bad breath and irritability in children.
  • In rare cases bacterial sinusitis can spread to the central nervous system. Look for symptoms like sensitivity to light, increasing irritability and persistent vomiting to make sure that the infection does not spread to the CNS.

Causes of sinusitis in kids

  • Viral infection
  • Bacterial infection
  • Allergies
  • Cleft palate
  • Abnormalities in nose structure
  • Second hand smoking
  • Enlarged adenoids

Sinusitis in kids can be

  • Acute sinusitis where the symptoms last for less than four weeks and improve with treatment
    Sub acute sinusitis where the symptoms last for more than four weeks and subside gradually with treatment.
  • Chronic sinusitis where the symptoms last for more than eight weeks. It is the result of previous infections that were not treated properly.
    Recurrent sinusitis where acute sinusitis repeats three or more times a year.

Ear Infection

Ear infections are caused when a baby catches cold or has sinus infection or allergies. They can be caused by viruses or bacteria. Children between 6 months to 2 years old are affected more by ear infections because their immunity is low and the size of their Eustachian tubes is smaller.

Symptoms of ear infections

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  • If your baby keeps on tugging at his ears for no reason, it could be an ear infection. Kids tend to pull on their ears when they have pain and discomfort in the ears.
  • If your baby has ear infection, he or she may have discomfort while lying down. When your baby lies down, the pressure is shifted to the middle ear. This causes pain.
  • Ear infections may be accompanied by drainage of fluid from the ears.
  • The child will be fussier, more irritable and crankier.
  • If your little one does not respond to sound, it may indicate difficulty in hearing resulting from ear infection.
  • When the body’s immune system tries to fight the ear infection, the child may have low grade fever.
  • Loss of appetite, vomiting and digestion problems may also accompany ear infections because the virus or bacteria that cause the ear infection can also affect the gastrointestinal system of the baby.
  • Your child may be clumsy and out of balance because the center of balance is located in the inner ear.

Treatment For Sinus And Ear Infection

Sinus infection

Sinus infections can be acute which lasts for less than 4 weeks, subacute that lasts for 4 to 8 weeks, chronic that lasts for 8 weeks or longer and recurrent. Sinus infections may be caused by bacteria or virus or exposure to smoke. There is a growing awareness about the dangers of using antibiotics unnecessarily.

Do you want to know if antibiotics are necessary to treat sinusitis in kids? You should know a few facts to get answer to this question.

  • A research has proven that more than 80% of sinus infections improve on their own without antibiotics.
  • Earlier it was believed that antibiotic treatment is essential to treat kids with sinus infections. Today, the ‘American Academy of Pediatrics’ recommends ‘wait and watch’ approach before prescribing antibiotics to treat sinusitis in children.
  • Sinus infections caused by virus and smoke cannot be treated with antibiotics.
  • If the kid is not dramatically ill, it may improve on its own.
  • Your child needs antibiotics when the nasal discharge is thick and colored.
  • If the symptoms persist for more than a week or 10 days your child should be given antibiotics.
  • If there is double worsening of symptoms it is understood that it is bacterial infection and it needs antibiotics.
  • Not all sinuses need antibiotics. Most of them go on their own or with simple remedies like saline irrigations, nasal aspirators etc. Don’t demand antibiotics from your doctor. Wait and watch. Trust your pediatrician to come up with the right decision.

Ear infection

Most children get ear infections. Children are usually infected in the middle ear behind the ear drum. The ear infections may be caused bacteria or viruses. It is generally believed that antibiotics are the only solution to treat ear infections but are antibiotics really necessary for treating ear infections in children? The truth is that they are needed only in some cases. In most of the cases they are not necessary.

Why are antibiotics not needed in some cases? 

  • If ear infections are caused by virus antibiotics do not work. Antibiotics kill bacteria and not virus.
  • Antibiotics do not help in giving relief from pain. They are not pain killers. They do not give pain relief for the first 24 hours. If the pain is severe, your children should be given pain relievers like acetaminophen and ibuprofen for children.
  • Ear infections go off on their own in two or three days.
  • Pediatricians say that children who are not given antibiotics recover just as well as the children who are given antibiotics.
  • You should see the pediatrician only if the symptoms do not improve in three or more days.

When are antibiotics really needed?

  • When the child is under 6 months old.
  • When the child is between 6 months to 2 years old and the pediatrician is sure that it is an ear infection.
  • When the child has health issues like poor immunity, cleft palate, Down syndrome and cochlear implant etc.
  • When the child has chronic fluid in the ears.

Coriander and Dill weed oil in common colds – How Do They Work

Naso Coriander

Coriander oil and dill weed oil have a myriad of health benefits. They have been used in ayurvedic medicines since ancient times.

What are the health benefits of coriander oil?

Coriander oil is also referred to as cilantro oil. It helps in getting rid of the gas and bloating. It acts as a natural diuretic. It helps in better digestion. It has anti microbial and anti inflammatory property. It acts as a natural skin moisturizer and soother. It is rich in vitamin C.

What are the health benefits of dill oil?

It promotes restful sleep. It has anti inflammatory properties. Its natural diuretic properties make it useful in treating urinary tract infections. It alleviates the symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in children.

How do coriander and dill oil help in common colds?

  • Both of them have anti microbial properties. This helps in fighting against the cold causing virus.
  • Both of them have anti inflammatory properties. This helps in reducing body aches and throat aches related to common colds.
  • Both of them have antioxidant properties. Anti oxidants enhance your immunity and protect your body from getting common colds and other infections.
  • Dill oil has been proven to work in treating cough.
  • Coriander is rich in vitamin C. Vitamin C reduces cold severity and increases immunity.
  • Dill oil promotes good sleep and reduces stress. Extra sleep allows your immune system to fight against colds. Stress decreases your ability to stay healthy, especially, in the cold and flu season.

Rubs and other natural products with dill oil and coriander oil are surely effective in treating common colds. They are safe and the risk of side effects in very low. When used in right dosage they are safe to be used on children too.

Our Nasobuddy Cough & Cold balm is based on 6 Essential oils, including coriander and dill weed oil.

Eucalyptus oil in common colds – Eucalyptus Radiata for babies


It is a fact that essential oils have plenty of health benefits. Eucalyptus oil is one of the essential oils with many benefits. It helps you to breathe easy, to heal cold sores, to decrease joint pain, to clear your chest and to disinfect wounds. However, you should remember that using essential oils for babies is not the same as using them for adults. Some oils are dangerous to be used on babies. Is eucalyptus oil effective in treating common colds and is it safe for little ones?

Eucalyptus in common colds

A few drops of eucalyptus oil added to the bath or hot shower or steam inhaler can definitely give relief from sinus symptoms and from congestion. Inhaling the eucalyptus vapor loosens the mucus from your chest and in expelling it. It has been used for several centuries in Asian countries to treat common colds.

Is eucalyptus oil safe for babies?

It has high 1, 8-cineole content. 1, 8-cineole is also called as eucalyptol. It is known for its mucolytic action on respiratory tract with proven clinical efficacy. When used on babies it can cause problems related to central nervous system and breathing. Moreover, the oil is very strong and can harm the delicate skin of infants. Rarely, it can lead to seizures in babies.

It’s a shocker to know about the side effects of eucalyptus oil on babies. The good news is, not all species of eucalyptus oils have high 1, 8 –cineole content. Some species with low 1, 8 –cineole content are safe for babies if used in the right dosage and in the right way.

Eucalyptus radiata for babies

Eucalyptus radiata is one of the milder forms of eucalyptus oil and is safe to be used on children. It is not as powerful and not as strong as eucalyptus globulus that is most commonly used in adults’ chest rubs.

How to use eucalyptus radiata on babies?

The first thing you should do is to blend eucalyptus oil with carrier oil. The proportion is as follows:

  • For newborns below 2 months – 1 drop eucalyptus oil with 2 teaspoon carrier oil
  • For infants from 2 months to 18 months old – 1 drop of eucalyptus oil with 1 teaspoon carrier oil
  • For kids from 18 months to 3 years old – 2 drops in 1 teaspoon carrier oil
  • For children from 3 to 6 years – 3 drops in 1 teaspoon carrier oil.
  • The most recommended carrier oils are almond oil or olive oil or coconut oil.
  • You can use it in baby’s bath.
  • You can use it as massage oil. If you are using it to massage your baby, you should add 2 more teaspoons of carrier oil to the blend. If your baby is below 6 months old, it is better to massage only the back and not the chest.

If you are buying baby rubs for your kid, make sure that it contains eucalyptus radiata and not eucalyptus globulus.

Our Nasobuddy Cough & Cold balm is based on the Eucalyptus radiata essential oil .